What is sleep apnoea?
Sleep Apnoea-Hypopnoea Syndrome (SAHS) consists of the repetition during sleep of a transient (of at least 10 seconds) closure of the upper airway, blocking the passage of air (apnoea) or limiting it (hypopnoea).
Sleep apnoea affects one in every four adults (in Spain it is estimated that more than 9.5 million people are affected) and its health consequences may be very serious (hypertension, cardiovascular problems, causing traffic accidents, etc.), in addition to deteriorating the quality of life and the professional performance of sufferers.
When should we visit a specialist?
It is important to diagnose apnoea and treat it appropriately.
The air enters and leaves through the airways normally.
Snoring is an abnormal vibration of the throat tissue.
Complete or partial obstruction of the airway
The space between the tongue and palate closes and prevents air from passing normally.
Why diagnose and treat sleep at a dental clinic?
Recently published studies prove that there is a direct relationship between dental wear and sleep apnoea, so this wear may be considered a key element in the diagnosis of this pathology. This gives dentists a new role in the diagnosis and treatment of mild-moderate cases of sleep apnoea and patients with chronic snoring.
What does the treatment consist of?
It is a simple and small electronic device for performing respiratory polygraphy studies easy to operate, so the patient can take it home and activate it during the night.
This device detects 7 different information signals while the patient is sleeping: respiratory flow, ventilatory effort, oximetry, heart rate, snoring, body position and breathing frequency. The device is comfortable and easy for the patient to put on at home, adjusting the nasal cannula and pulse oximeter on the index finger.
Reading the study
Once the data gathered in the sleep study has been analysed, the patient is categorised according to the severity of the apnoea presented.. For treating patients who snore or have mild or moderate apnoea, we have an intraoral device that the patient wears when sleeping and that significantly reduces sleep apnoea, as well as chronic snoring.
The Intraoral device is a splint for both maxillae that is connected by tensors that prevent the retraction of the mandible and the closure of the airway, thus decreasing the apnoea the patient suffers..